January in the rural countryside of Salento, Lecce
Antonio Bruno *
"[...] The tiny seed contains everything in itself. Feeds inside when the internal dynamism that
will produce the best crop of oats, barley field, filled the ear of corn. "from" The Hermit "
David Torkington. Every part of the rural landscape has its characteristics, certainly the Salento Lecce is distinguished from other territories. Cosimo De Giorgi has produced a beautiful calendar grower of Otranto, where you can get some guidance for the work of the earth.
The cold of January
Today I will write in January which is the coldest period of the rural landscape of Salento in Lecce. In particular, the temperatures drop even more 15 to 25 January.
But in January there is snow in the Salento Lecce? Not always, in fact, a recent study by Giuseppe De Vitis reported decreasing their accumulation in the colder months classically, ie in January and February.
As for the winds this month there are the Mistral and the greek east, which may become very strong at night. It 'should ensure a stakes tender shrubs guardians because the cold winds make the plants tend to break and almost glassy from the shock of high winds.
If the season like this year is tempered after the rain you can make a weeding the land, we can eradicate the weeds, and you should move the plants in pots that could be affected by the cold if left in the ground, or we can cover them with or straw mats. But if it does not rain the ground will be dry and frost in this case closed and left standing waiting for the temperature becomes milder.
Just yesterday there was a heavy rain and Marcuccio Leonardo told me he proceeded to make a tillage and that it was successful.
Transplants and removal of trees and shrubs
January is the month suitable for transplantation and the removal of trees and shrubs. This period is to be considered suitable in the two months preceding November or December and that the next two or February and March.
Tips for the planting of trees and shrubs
E 'should be transplanted trees have two or three years. Once the trees or shrubs have arrived in the country is good for them stazionino for 5 - 8 days lying on the ground in a shady place and covered with damp earth, leaving only the tops off.
We have to wait a day to transplant them warm and moist soil.
Role of the gems in the transplant
The transplant should be accelerated or delayed depending on the state of the gems. In Lecce, Salento is the bud early and that is why I recommend to buy the trees at the end of next February, when danger of frost is removed.
The nurseries Rosa Gallica
In January, you have to nurseries Rose Bengal name given to the Rosa Gallica in order to get good players for the variety of graft choices. All roses are descended from Gallic botanical species Rosa gallica, a small evergreen shrub, vigorous, very thorny, from light pink single flowers. La Rosa gallica was already known in Europe at the time of the Romans and it is possible that they were to spread its cultivation.
One of them rose, Rosa gallica officinalis, was first cultivated in the gardens of monasteries for the production of rose water, conservation of roses and medicinal uses. Among the hybrids of this species are some beautiful varieties with beautiful shades of colors such as carmine, purple, mauve. Flowers can be from simple to stradoppi. They form low bushes and exhaling rich fragrances.
With these roses can be of hedges around the beds bigger through propagation by cuttings take root so easily.
Propagation by cuttings
Even the ancients knew this plant propagation system, initially for division of the stumps, then with portions of branches and roots. Pliny the Elder noted that the roses were propagated with portions of branches in bloom earlier than those sown and also by doing so you could multiply those with the most interesting flowers.
Cosimo De Giorgi, Calendar of the grower of the Terra d'Otranto
Giuseppe De Vitis, List of snow in the Salento area from 1929 to today. http://www.supermeteo.com/nevesalento.php
Angelo Frascarelli, Nell'aridocoltura are allowed only two working the land. No Land and Life 28, 2010
Suzanne Verrier, Rosa gallica
Pliny the Elder, Naturalis Historia