giovedì 25 novembre 2010

The rearing of seabream (Sparus aurata) and pizzuto seabream (Diplodus puntazzo Cetti, 1777) in the Salento Lecce

The rearing of seabream (Sparus aurata) and pizzuto seabream (Diplodus puntazzo Cetti, 1777) in the Salento Lecce

Antonio Bruno *


Salento Lecce is about a thousand acres of brackish inland waters. The coastal environment is a model of environmental protection and enhancement of model could also become productive through the integrated management of land and resources.

The entire globe would look to the Salento Lecce recognizing the "hub for the Mediterranean aquaculture" which should point to reach a level of excellence in research, technology transfer, innovation and training in the industry.


And the inner waters of the Adriatic coast of Salento Lecce? I am sure that my loyal readers if they are asked after reading my notes on those of the Ionian Sea. Here's the answer to your question, there's a Otranto Alimini Lake and Lake Fountains that together cover the larger surface area of 380 hectares or humidity, then going north here dell'Idro the Valley, and the Brunese Tamari swamps with an area of 20 hectares large, and the other is the giant lake "Gesine" Salati and Salatelli with its 300 acres, then there are the docks of San Cataldo with marsh and adjoining lowlands of Foca Ramanno 9 hectares of the Basin Tower of Venus and funnels of 4 acres, the basin Acquatina - Li Sausi of 98 hectares and Bassura rivulets. All of these inland waters within the district of Reclamation Consortium Ugento and Li Fogg.

The area that I have given us to understand in the Salento Lecce that there are 900 hectares of inland waters in the Adriatic side that with the 100 acres along the Ionian coast add about a thousand acres!

But this surface is to add semi-permanent wetlands that are more or less a thousand more acres.

Writing in 1962 of Doctor of Forestry Raffaele complained leave the irrational exploitation of inland fisheries by a dealer at that time had very limited time to catch the fish contained in inland waters. These dealers used fishing gear like the deadly intramagli, bottom trawls and scabiche killing all life, even the small fish newborn.

In short, these dealers all raked in a few days, leaving behind them sterile and lifeless waters.

The Doctor of Forestry Raffaele leave but revealed the presence in these first 60 years of practice to the work of innovative entrepreneurs who set before you. In a first stage larvae are collected from the sea and containers with aerated, oxygenated and chilled peaches were brought up acclimatization and hibernation where fresh and salt water is dosed in a timely manner.

After the first certain period of acclimatization, which lasted a few days, larvette collected could be fed artificially because the power was insufficient plankton alone.

In this fish-kettle and development took place after the first post - embrinale specimens become suited to planting. The Doctor of Forestry leave Raffaele noted that the various areas of the inland waters of the Salento Lecce lent themselves to different species of fish even if the species that seemed most appropriate was the Sea Bream he called the Queen of the Pond!

In those years he began the breeding of white bream Sargus Sargus (Sargus Rondelet) fish that require an environment of clear streams flowing out in the surface and thus little material in suspension of muddy and earthy nature.

The bream lives in Salento Lecce well as the waters are sweetened and heated by a mild winter. The natural food of bream and white bream pizzuti consists of small worms and crustaceans that grow in the middle of the matrix formed algae that forms on the bottom of the inner waters of the Salento Lecce, then do not eat other fish and are a type of sustainable farming.

The intuition of the Doctor of Forestry was antesigniniana Raffaele leave the entry into force on 1 July 2010 the EC Regulation n.710/09 governing aquaculture production, aligning the legal framework in the Member States.

The aquaculture sector is expanding strongly and Puglia have achieved some important results, in fact, a company of Puglia last year scored a scientific result of global managed to make the reproduction of bluefin tuna in captivity.

Development can and must be sustainable, we must have regard for the environment and animal species, identifying production systems and capture that are respectful of the natural balance.

Aquaculture is an industry with high added value, which makes a lot of research but there are also a large demand from the market and various opportunities to create and then led occupation.

The biological production of seabass and seabream in the Mediterranean is destined to spend the next 5-6 years from the current 160 tonnes to 10 thousand tons. Recent FAO data also show that the biological world aquaculture production has increased by 950% over the last 20-25 years, and is expected to reach 500,000 tons by 2015.

I wonder and I ask you, with 2 thousand hectares of inland waters because we do not start to seriously consider the rearing of sea bream and sea bream pizza in Salento Lecce?


Raffaele Dismissal: Early Work on the results of acclimatization and hibernation of juveniles of marine origin seed

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